The 2023 Farm Bill

What is the Farm Bill?

The Farm Bill is a comprehensive piece of legislation that authorizes most federal policies governing food and agriculture programs, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). The Farm Bill is reauthorized by Congress about every five years, offering policy makers an opportunity to review the programs included in the legislation and make programmatic changes.


What is At Stake This Year?

Millions of low-income families and seniors gain access to healthy food through the Farm Bill nutrition programs each year. SNAP is the largest of the federal food assistance programs, and research shows that SNAP reduces food insecurity and poverty and is linked to improved outcomes in health, education, and economic success.

In New Jersey alone, over 857,000 residents were reached by SNAP in fiscal year 2022. More than 63% of SNAP participants in New Jersey are in families with children, and over 44% are in families with members who are seniors or disabled. In NJ, 55% of SNAP participants have an income below the poverty line.

In reauthorizing the Farm Bill, Congress must commit to strengthening SNAP and improving equitable access to this critical nutrition program.

What Marker Bills Are We Supporting?

Marker bills are legislation introduced in Congress to signal policy ideas and gather support for those ideas, with the goal of inclusion in an omnibus bill like the Farm Bill.  Here are some marker bills we are supporting that would make necessary improvements to SNAP:

Some SNAP households are subject to three-month time limits if they cannot verify that they are working or in a work training program at least 20 hours per week.  SNAP time limits are harsh and arbitrary, don’t promote employment and increase hunger and food insecurity. 

This legislation would end the three-month time limit on Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits for certain unemployed and underemployed adults who do not document sufficient hours of work each month.

To email your Representatives and ask them to support the Improving Access to Nutrition Act, click here.

The average SNAP benefit is about $6 per person per day. 

This bill would give a much-needed boost to SNAP benefit amounts by changing the way SNAP benefits are calculated, as well as remove unrealistic barriers to SNAP.

If you’d like to email your Representatives and ask them to support the Closing the Meal Gap Act, click here.

Low-income college students must meet certain criteria in order to receive SNAP.  During the pandemic, Congress temporarily expanded SNAP eligibility for college students, but like many other pandemic-era changes, these eligibility rules will expire, leaving many struggling, low-income college students without access to SNAP.

This bill would permanently expand SNAP eligibility, eliminating work-for-food SNAP rules that require students to work 20 hours a week or have a federal work-study job to receive SNAP.

If you’d like to email your Representatives and ask them to support the EATS Act, click here.

Hot prepared foods, like rotisserie chicken, can be a great help to someone with a disability or a senior with limited mobility. This legislation would permanently end the prohibition on use of SNAP benefits to purchase hot prepared foods from food retailers.

If you’d like to email your Representatives and ask them to support the Hot Foods Act of 2023, click here.

This legislation would restore access to public programs for lawfully present immigrants by removing the five-year waiting period and other restrictions to SNAP eligibility. The proposal also would remove that waiting period in Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program, and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program.

If you’d like to email your Representatives and ask them to support the Lift the Bar Act, click here.

In 1996, Congress imposed a lifetime ban on individuals convicted of a drug felony from receiving SNAP. 

The RESTORE Act supports effective reentry, improves public safety, and reduces food insecurity for returning individuals and their families by repealing the lifetime ban on individuals convicted of a drug felony from accessing SNAP.

How can you get involved?

Join Hunger Free NJ and organizations across the nation as we urge Congress and the Biden Administration to support these marker bills, protect and strengthen SNAP during Farm Bill reauthorization, and take a strong stand against any proposals that would cut SNAP and restrict access to the program!

To email your Members of Congress and ask them to oppose any cuts to SNAP in the 2023 Farm Bill, follow this link.

If you’d like to speak directly with your representatives, you can call the US Capitol Switchboard at (202) 224-3121 and an operator will connect you with the office you request. You can use the sample script we’ve linked here.